The municipality of Santa Maria del Rosario belongs to the Tlaxiaco district in the Mixteca region of Oaxaca. Its main activity is agriculture. However, the community has temperate oak, pine and juniper forests, whose use is mainly based on the extraction of firewood for food preparation and for oak coal production. Most of the forest of the Mixteca region, does not have timber potential, however the production of resin has become a main local activity. The resin as a solid or pasty consistency substance, insoluble in water, soluble in alcohol and essential oils, has great importance for the industry of cleaning products in Latin America. The resin represents a series of ecosystem services obtained from the stem of the pine scraping, without causing any damage to the plant, contributing to forest conservation and use.
In the resin production site, it is possible to find several species of pines, as Pinus oaxacana, Pinus devoniana and Pinus lawsonii with high potential to produce resin, which has driven the reproduction of community nurseries. In addition, these reproducing nurseries deliver other benefits such as ornamental plants production, firewood, and other household uses.
The development model promoted by the GEF project Mixteca and its allies, with a focus on sustainable livelihoods and ecosystem services has delivered important outcomes in both allowing keeping the pine forest and improving the living conditions of the communities that take advantage and safeguard this resource.
In the Mixteca region of Oaxaca, the majority of forests are thin and low potential timber trees that have historically been undervalued. These types of specimens are ideal for removing pine resin, locally called "liquid gold". The removal of resin provides environmental and social benefits, since it creates permanent sources of employment where men and women alike can work, strengthening their economic autonomy. In addition this activity helps to sustain the benefits of the temperate forests of the region through the application of good forest management practices.
Local producers of resin, providers of tourist services, and local authorities.
Implemented/current solutions or actions taken
Development and assit projects have been developed to the areas of resin production as well as productive projects that combine agricultural production and ecological and historical tourism.
Number of Participants
6:30-9:00 Arrival to Santa María del Rosario
9:00-13:00 Santa María del Rosario. Travel through the resin production site and exchange of experiences with project beneficiaries
13:00-14:00 Traditional Meal from Oaxaca
14:00-17:30 Visit to the San Pedro y San Pablo Teposcolula ex-Convent
19:30 Return to Oaxaca City
Fieldtrip offered by Proyecto Mixteca NGO (www.proyectomixteca.org.mx)